"The Creator had no material substance. He fashioned the entire universe from photon energy.
In formulating theories of the universe, one must always
keep in mind that it is all energy. The entire universe
can be deduced from energy considerations.
"

 

 

 

 

 

THE STRUCTURE OF THE PHOTON
(By Inductive Analysis)
Copyright 2004 Stanley Fay White

Overview

Modern science (post Roger Bacon) is a classified and verifiable knowledge of facts concerning nature. Its initial technique was the verifiable scientific experiment. The Rutherford atom was found wanting by scientific experiment. (Electrons were found to be free to move in an atom, not embedded in a proton). This resulted in the discovery of atomic particles and a new structure, "the Bohr atom". Nothing of significance has been discovered since, mainly because it is impossible to get inside an atomic particle to perform experiments. With the discovery of Inductive Analysis, this has changed.
We can now view an atomic particle as a "black box" and determine what is in the black box without opening it. This is true because the laws of nature are of one set. The relationships between the laws are also of one set and therefore determinable. What this means is that a particular object has precise properties. These properties determine the objects structure. If the properties of an object are determined, the structure of the object is also determined. This falls under the homely philosophy, "If it walks like a duck and squawks like a duct--it's a duck". We can view a duck as a black box, and still determine its nature. Experimentation will determine its properties. If the experiments are accurate and complete, a view of the structure of the black box is possible. This is all possible because of the "one set" theory of the natural laws. We can accurately conclude: "It's a duck!"


There is nothing new under the sun

The universe has other unique characteristics. Many structures are used over and over in various configurations. An atomic particle is a micro model of a Primordial Singularity. One of the ways we can determine the properties of a Primordial Singularity is to determine the properties of atomic particles and work backwards. The same is true of other features of the universe. All life forms contain DNA in one configuration or another. All complex life forms begin their existence as a single cell, etc.. We can show that the universe evolved from the collision of two Primordial Singularities that produced the "Big Bang". These features of repetition of structure can be used to determine unknown structures. This is how the structure of atomic particles came about. All were derived from the discovered structure of the electron.
The radius of a photon is of similar dimension to the calculus "increment". It is not possible to visualize an object with a radius of 10-100 cm. Even attempting to visualize this order of dimension is frightening. We have no referents to go by. Nevertheless, this is the problem we are faced with an object of that size. Even more mind-boggling is the fact that ONE energy laden photon once carried 1/2 the mass of the universe (as a Primordial Singularity). These things are beyond the realm of human experience--yet they exist. A single photon has been shown to have the capability of carrying one half the mass of the universe. By Einstein's E = mc², we can see that the mass of the human body has enough energy to take out New York City! We do not live in these dimensions. We cannot deal with such parameters intuitively. It is a feature of the human mind that nevertheless---we can deal with such parameters, if we reason it out. WE can apply human reason to the analysis of the photon and discover its structure!

Following our time warn procedures, we will gather everything we know about the photon and try to decide its structure. Inductive Analysis has shown that photons do not move. The energy-laden ones pass their energy from photon to photon in the zero energy Photon Sea. Having determined the energy in each of the Primordial Singularities, we have determined the wavelength of the trapped energy-laden photon and therefore the radius of the Primordial Singularity and by deduction an approximate radius of the trapped photon. As all photons have identical geometry, we have been able to deduce an approximate radius of the photon.
We know by extensive evidence and experimentation that the Photon Sea is sort of a fluid. It can generate waves in its substance. Waves in the Photon Sea propagate at the "speed of light". The photon waves are oscillations of the Photon Sea and the waves are a resonance in the Sea. There are many resonances possible in the Photon Sea. Some of the resonances account for the behavior of orbiters in atoms etc.. As Maxwell derived, light waves are electromagnetic waves. The two waves are related but can be separated. One can have an electric field without a measurable magnetic field and vice versa. There is a third field in an energy-laden photon, the gravitational field.
The gravitational field is much weaker than the electromagnetic field and of a different kind. It expresses no electric or magnetic characteristics. Yet it is related to the other fields. The electron-magnetic energy of a photon is related to the gravitational field by the Einstein Equation: E = mc². Rewriting :m = E / c² . This shows that the electromagnetic fields are related to the gravitation field, but does not state how they are related, or what mechanism binds them together. Zero energy photons also contain the mechanism to create the three fields, and do so even when their parts are at rest. This is the present state of knowledge regarding photons as of today. No one knows how the photons create fields or the structure of photons. As stated above, inasmuch as it is impossible to get inside a photon to perform experiments, the academic community is stymied. Some very famous people have tried to create "a unified field theory", showing the relationship between the electromagnetic fields and the gravitational field. Einstein labored for years to no avail. The problem cannot be solved without more input.

The Structure of the Photon

A photon becomes energy-laden by revolving. We know this because the electromagnetic fields around a photon are electromagnetic waves. They are not static fields. Relativistically, the electromagnetic field generated by a photon is much stronger than the associated gravitational field. Further it is not clear at the present time whether the gravitational field of an energy-laden photon is static or oscillatory. It is not understood how the photon generates two fields of so different intensities. This is an enigma.
If we examine the dynamics of the earth, we see that the earth rotates and revolves. It rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun. The energy of rotation is much higher than the energy of revolution around the sun. The mass of the earth is involved in both energies (rotation and revolution), but the energies are distinct. The earth could stop rotating and it would still revolve around the sun unless a separate mechanism came into play.
If we examine an electron, we see a particle that generates an electric field (under certain conditions), but the gravitational field (mass) is relative to the velocity of the particle. The magnetic field is also relative to velocity, but the mechanism is different. It would seem that there is a tiny electromagnetic something in a photon that can rotate. When it rotates, it generates electromagnetic fields. It would also seem that this something revolves around a central point when energy-laden.

This property of revolution likens the structure of the photon to the mechanics of say the earth. The two energies are related, but of different cause. In this case the energy of revolution is much weaker than the energy of rotation, similarly as in the case of the earth. (Of course, if this is so, that the "something" that rotates in a photon is much smaller than the domain of the photon.)
As Shakespeare's Hamlet said in the graveyard, "There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, that are dreamt of in your philosophy!" Mankind has only begun to explore the universe.

©2001-2004 Stanley F. White
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