is nothing new under the sun
The universe has other unique characteristics. Many
structures are used over and over in various configurations. An
atomic particle is a micro model of a Primordial Singularity.
One of the ways we can determine the properties of a Primordial
Singularity is to determine the properties of atomic particles
and work backwards. The same is true of other features of the
universe. All life forms contain DNA in one configuration or another.
All complex life forms begin their existence as a single cell,
etc.. We can show that the universe evolved from the collision
of two Primordial Singularities that produced the "Big Bang".
These features of repetition of structure can be used to determine
unknown structures. This is how the structure of atomic particles
came about. All were derived from the discovered structure of
The radius of a photon is of similar dimension to the calculus
"increment". It is not possible to visualize an object
with a radius of 10-100
cm. Even attempting to visualize this order of dimension is frightening.
We have no referents to go by. Nevertheless, this is the problem
we are faced with an object of that size. Even more mind-boggling
is the fact that ONE energy laden photon once carried 1/2 the
mass of the universe (as a Primordial Singularity). These things
are beyond the realm of human experience--yet they exist. A single
photon has been shown to have the capability of carrying one half
the mass of the universe. By Einstein's E = mc², we can see
that the mass of the human body has enough energy to take out
New York City! We do not live in these dimensions. We cannot deal
with such parameters intuitively. It is a feature of the human
mind that nevertheless---we can deal with such parameters, if
we reason it out. WE can apply human reason to the analysis of
the photon and discover its structure!
Following our time warn procedures, we will gather
everything we know about the photon and try to decide its structure.
Inductive Analysis has shown that photons do not move. The energy-laden
ones pass their energy from photon to photon in the zero energy
Photon Sea. Having determined the energy in each of the Primordial
Singularities, we have determined the wavelength of the trapped
energy-laden photon and therefore the radius of the Primordial
Singularity and by deduction an approximate radius of the trapped
photon. As all photons have identical geometry, we have been able
to deduce an approximate radius of the photon.
We know by extensive evidence and experimentation that the Photon
Sea is sort of a fluid. It can generate waves in its substance.
Waves in the Photon Sea propagate at the "speed of light".
The photon waves are oscillations of the Photon Sea and the waves
are a resonance in the Sea. There are many resonances possible
in the Photon Sea. Some of the resonances account for the behavior
of orbiters in atoms etc.. As Maxwell derived, light waves are
electromagnetic waves. The two waves are related but can be separated.
One can have an electric field without a measurable magnetic field
and vice versa. There is a third field in an energy-laden photon,
the gravitational field.
The gravitational field is much weaker than the electromagnetic
field and of a different kind. It expresses no electric or magnetic
characteristics. Yet it is related to the other fields. The electron-magnetic
energy of a photon is related to the gravitational field by the
Einstein Equation: E = mc². Rewriting :m = E / c² .
This shows that the electromagnetic fields are related to the
gravitation field, but does not state how they are related, or
what mechanism binds them together. Zero energy photons also contain
the mechanism to create the three fields, and do so even when
their parts are at rest. This is the present state of knowledge
regarding photons as of today. No one knows how the photons create
fields or the structure of photons. As stated above, inasmuch
as it is impossible to get inside a photon to perform experiments,
the academic community is stymied. Some very famous people have
tried to create "a unified field theory", showing the
relationship between the electromagnetic fields and the gravitational
field. Einstein labored for years to no avail. The problem cannot
be solved without more input.
The Structure of the
A photon becomes energy-laden
by revolving. We know this because the electromagnetic fields
around a photon are electromagnetic waves. They are not static
fields. Relativistically, the electromagnetic field generated
by a photon is much stronger than the associated gravitational
field. Further it is not clear at the present time whether the
gravitational field of an energy-laden photon is static or oscillatory.
It is not understood how the photon generates two fields of so
different intensities. This is an enigma.
If we examine the dynamics of the earth, we see that the earth
rotates and revolves. It rotates on its axis and revolves around
the sun. The energy of rotation is much higher than the energy
of revolution around the sun. The mass of the earth is involved
in both energies (rotation and revolution), but the energies are
distinct. The earth could stop rotating and it would still revolve
around the sun unless a separate mechanism came into play.
If we examine an electron, we see a particle that generates an
electric field (under certain conditions), but the gravitational
field (mass) is relative to the velocity of the particle. The
magnetic field is also relative to velocity, but the mechanism
is different. It would seem that there is a tiny electromagnetic
something in a photon that can rotate. When it rotates, it generates
electromagnetic fields. It would also seem that this something
revolves around a central point when energy-laden.
This property of revolution likens the structure of the photon
to the mechanics of say the earth. The two energies are related,
but of different cause. In this case the energy of revolution
is much weaker than the energy of rotation, similarly as in the
case of the earth. (Of course, if this is so, that the "something"
that rotates in a photon is much smaller than the domain of the
As Shakespeare's Hamlet said in the graveyard, "There are
more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, that are dreamt of in
your philosophy!" Mankind has only begun to explore the universe.